Reading Session on: “Global Jihad A Brief History” with Dr Glenn Robinson – Part2

Oct 16, 2019 - Featured, Featured on, Reading Sessions
Date: Friday, 3rd May 2019
Time: 7PM – 10PM
Venue: Graha Pemuda, Sri Hartamas, Kuala Lumpur

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Global Jihad: A Brief History focuses on four distinct waves of global jihad seen since the Soviet invasion and occupation of Afghanistan. The first wave of the ‘jihadi international’ concentrated on the liberation of occupied Muslim lands as explored by ‘Abdullah ‘Azzam. The second wave of global jihad, starting in the mid-1990s, was embodied by Usama Bin Laden and al-Qa’ida and took an ‘America First’ or far enemy approach intending to drive the Americans out of the Muslim world. Immediate state-building to defeat apostasy constituted a third wave of global jihad, embodied by ISIS’s declaration of a new caliphate in 2014. The current fourth wave of global jihad is one of jihad fardi, or personal jihad, as envisioned by Abu Musab al-Suri after the fall of the Taliban emirate. Acts of violence in the fourth wave are typically stochastic in nature: inspired and statistically predictable, but carried out without logistical support by lone wolves and small cells. This ends with a discussion of the theory of ‘movements of rage’ and to what degree the waves of global jihad are comparable to other violent and nihilistic movements over the past century.